About the Pilgrims > Religion: Search PHM Site : Religion. MayflowerHistory.com, Copyright © 1994-2003. Learn more about Puritanism, its history, and beliefs. The Pilgrims, fleeing religious persecution, broke away from the Church of England because they felt the Church violated biblical principles of true Christians. Demographics. To understand them, it is important that we look beyond the legend. It was the rejection of the authority of the church hierarchy, and of the sacraments, that was the primary cause of conflict between the Pilgrims and the Church of England. The group of English colonists who settled in North America and later became known as the Pilgrim Fathers originated as a group of Puritans from Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire. ) Brainstorm, description de l'image, répétitions. The fact that these first settlers were Huguenots dispatched to establish a colony in America in 1564, and motivated by the same sort of religious persecution that later drove the Pilgrims … What Religion Were the Pilgrims? They were English Protestants influenced by John Calvin and wanted to "purify" the Anglican Church of its Roman Catholic influences. Details of the Pilgrims' religion are something we rarely hear about during stories of the first Thanksgiving. Rebecca Beatrice Brooks September 28, 2016 March 13, 2020 Comments Off on Religion in Plymouth Colony. 464. The legitimacy of the Pope, the Saints, and the church hierarchy were rejected, as was the veneration of relics. "How the Pilgrims' Religion Inspired Thanksgiving." The Plymouth colonists settled on the coast to the south in 1620, 10 years before Puritans founded Boston in 1630. The Bible: The Pilgrims read the Geneva Bible, published in England in 1575. The Mayflower pilgrims were members of a Puritan sect within the Church of England known as separatists. The Pilgrims strongly believed that the Church of England, and the Catholic Church, had strayed beyond Christ's teachings, and established religious rituals, and church hierarchies, that went against the teachings of the Bible. The membership was composed, at least initially, of men and women who had undergone a conversion … Although the Pilgrims believed every person's fate had already been decided, they thought only the saved would engage in godly behavior. What Religion Were The Pilgrims. This was in opposition to the Anabaptists, who believed that baptism was essentially an initiation ceremony into the churchhood of believers, and therefore could only be administered to believing adults who understood the meaning of the ceremony. Updated 6 days ago|1/14/2021 5:56:32 PM . Pilgrims typically lived in primitive homes like log cabins that they made themselves a who! 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what religion were the pilgrims

Published on October 23, 2019 October 23, 2019 by admin. The Pilgrims were a group of approximately 100 people who in 1620 sailed on the Mayflower ship to North America, known then as the New World from England; they were seeking freedom from religious oppression. All Rights Reserved. The most commonly-owned book in early Plymouth Colony (outside of the Bible and psalm book) was John Dod’s Exposition on the Ten Commandments, followed by pastor John Robinson’s Observations Divine and Moral. The church building itself had no significance to the Pilgrims, and was usually called simply the “meeting place” or “meetinghouse”. The Pilgrims did not celebrate Christmas and Easter. Jack Zavada is a writer who covers the Bible, theology, and other Christianity topics. The Pilgrims faithfully observed the Sabbath, and did not work on Sunday. Religious Holidays: The Pilgrims observed the commandment to "Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy," (Exodus 20:8, KJV) yet they did not observe Christmas and Easter since they believed those religious holidays were invented by man and were not celebrated as holy days in the Bible. Retrieved from https://www.learnreligions.com/the-pilgrims-religion-701477. Across England, small groups began to separate themselves from their persecuting Churches, to form their own secret congregations. Confirmed by yumdrea [1/14/2021 5:56:32 PM] s. Get an answer. The Pilgrims, founders of Plymouth, Massachusetts, arrived in 1620. Most religious traditions emphasize this aspect of pilgrimage and give it a central role in religion. They created the Mayflower Compact, a covenant for religious and political autonomy and the first constitution in North America. A pilgrim is a traveler who is on a journey to a holy place. Puritans’ efforts contributed to both civil war in England and the founding of colonies in America. Pilgrims from distant lands converge at a center, pulled in by a spiritual magnetism. He also predestined, at that time, who would be saved, and who would be damned. Religion in Plymouth Colony. They kept their meetinghouses in the New World as plain and unadorned as their clothing. légende : "About 400 years ago, a group of Puritans wanted to purify the Church. https://www.learnreligions.com/the-pilgrims-religion-701477 (accessed January 26, 2021). The Pilgrims were a harassed people fleeing their homes under cover of darkness, betrayed by a ship’s captain, arrested, left to languish in prison, and separated from their families. The Pilgrims opposed mass, and considered marriage a civil affair to be handled by the State (not a religious sacrament). April 7, 2020. Icons and religious symbols such as crosses, statues, stain-glass windows, fancy architecture, and other worldly manifestations of religion were rejected as a form of idolatry. Price. on Religion in Plymouth Colony. The Deaconess of the early Plymouth church is not named, but may have been Bridget Fuller. In addition, they were disappointed with the influences that living in Holland had on their children. Publisher. Americans can learn key lessons from the Pilgrims. The Pilgrims used the psalm-book written by Henry Ainsworth, which was a more true and literal translation of the Psalms, whereas the Church of England tended to use the Sternhold and Hopkins psalter which was more poetic but less true to Scripture. Every New England Congregational church was considered an independent entity, beholden to no hierarchy. Pilgrims typically lived in primitive homes like log cabins that they made themselves. The Pilgrims were Calvinist Protestants. … The Pilgrims were Puritan Separatists who left Leiden, a city of South Holland, in 1620 aboard the Mayflower and immigrated to Plymouth in New England. Many of the Pilgrims were members of a Puritan sect known as the Separatists. The Pilgrims, on the other hand, believed that “baptism now, as circumcision of old, is the seal of the covenant of God,” and they felt that groups like the Anabaptists who did not baptize their infants were depriving Christ’s flock of all its young lambs. The other sacraments (Confession, Penance, Confirmation, Ordination, Marriage, Confession, Last Rites) of the Church of England and Roman Catholic church were inventions of man, had no scriptural basis, and were therefore superstitions, to the point of being heretical. No votes so far! In the spiritual literature of Christianity, the concept of pilgrim and pilgrimage may refer to the experience of life in the world or to the inner path of the spiritual aspirant from a state of wretchedness to a state of beatitude. But the Mayflower, which brought the Pilgrims to Plymouth in 1620, has sailed into history and ranks with the Titanic, the Lusitania, the Bismarck, and the Queen Mary as the world’s most famous ships. Both Pilgrims and Puritans were concerned with reforming the Church of England. In Massachusetts, only Christians were allowed to hold public office, and Catholics were allowed to do so only after renouncing papal authority. Pilgrims and the making of pilgrimages are common in many religions, including the faiths of ancient Egypt, Persia in the Mithraic period, India, China, and Japan.The Greek and Roman customs of consulting the gods at local oracles, such as those at Dodona or Delphi, both in Greece, are widely known.In Greece, pilgrimages could either be personal or state-sponsored. However, none of the five offices was considered essential to the church. In their colony at Plymouth, Massachusetts, the Pilgrims could practice their religion without hindrance. Be the first to rate this post. They followed the.. meagre rations – it was this act and the resulting good harvest that the Pilgrims were originally grateful for at what has become Thanksgiving. In both Virginia and Massachusetts, the colonists … Many arrived with very little due to illness or robbery or both. He was the monarch who commissioned the King James Bible. Pilgrims walked the Way of St. James, often for months and occasionally years at a time, to arrive at the great church in the main square of Compostela and pay homage to St. James. Hence, strict obedience to the law was demanded, and hard work was required. They further believed that at least one parent must be of the faith for the child to be baptized into the church. He is the author of "Hope for Hurting Singles: A Christian Guide to Overcoming Life's Challenges. About 100 Pilgrims sailed to America on the Mayflower. Elder was a layperson who assisted the pastor and teacher with spiritual needs in the church and governing the body. This belief put them at odds with church officials, who in the early years of King James I tried to have them arrested and thrown in jail for refusing to participate in church rituals. Unlike the Pilgrims, who came to Massachusetts in 1620, the Puritans believed that the Church of England was a true church, though in need of major reforms. The Pilgrims were extremely courageous. They wanted to make a clean start, spread the gospel to the New World, and convert the Indians to Christianity. Deacon and deaconess attended to the physical needs of the congregation. New answers. In seeking safe harbor for their religion, the Pilgrims differed from those settlers who preceded them in the previous century—up to and including the Jamestown settlement just thirteen years earlier. They were called Separatists and were persecuted by political and religious leaders in England. Home Book Reviews Library Index Ask a Question Statement of Faith About Us, Site Visitors:   26,818,871          Page Views: 40,348,344. The Pastor was an ordained minister whose responsibility was to see to the religious life of the congregation. The U.S. census has never asked Americans directly about their religion or religious beliefs, but it did compile statistics from each denomination starting in 1945.. Finke and Stark conducted a statistical analysis of the official census data after 1850, and Atlas for 1776, to estimate the number of Americans who were adherents to a specific denomination. In 1573, William the Silent joined the Calvinist Church. Plymouth’s Pilgrims weren’t Puritans, although they shared some beliefs. The meetinghouse was kept drab, and had no religious depictions or icons, to avoid the sin of idolatry. Puritanism, a religious reform movement in the late 16th and 17th centuries that was known for the intensity of the religious experience that it fostered. The Pilgrims' Religion The Pilgrims were Puritan Separatists who left Leiden, a city of South Holland, in 1620 aboard the Mayflower and immigrated to Plymouth in New England. The Pilgrims were part of that opposition. The Pilgrims' mother church in Leiden was led by John Robinson (1575–1625), an English separatist minister who fled England for the Netherlands in 1609. 0 Answers/Comments. Among the Pilgrims' guests were 90 Indians and their chief, Massasoit. For most of the 17th century, the Plymouth and the Massachusetts Bay colonies were separate entities, both occupying land that eventually became the state of Massachusetts. The Pilgrims fled England as separatists: They denied the validity of the Church of England and wished to practice their faith in their own way. While the Anglican Church used a Book of Common Prayer, the Pilgrims read only from a psalm book, rejecting any prayers written by men. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Puritan-leaning religious opinions were generally tolerated, but when King James came to power in 1604 the Church of England again began to root out, prosecute, and jail those who openly believed the Church needed to be purified of its false ceremonies, non-Scriptural teachings, and superstitious rituals. Separatists felt that the Church of England was too corrupt to save and decided to separate from it. After two attempts to leave England and move to Holland, a Separatist group was finally relocated to Amsterdam where they stayed for about one year. History. Pilgrims can be of any religion; the word basically means "someone who goes on a journey to a sacred place." Release Date. Idolatry: In their literal interpretation of the Bible, the Pilgrims rejected any church tradition or practice that did not have a Scripture verse to support it. Unconditional Election: As Calvinists, the Pilgrims believed that God predestined, or chose who would go to heaven or hell before the creation of the world. Pilgrim Hall, built in 1824, is a gallery museum in the center of historic Plymouth, Massachusetts. Many Americans get the Pilgrims and the Puritans mixed up. Myth: The Pilgrims were the first Europeans to land in Southern New England and to interact with the Native people. They celebrated the first Thanksgiving in autumn of 1621. The church of the Pilgrims was organized around five officers: pastor, teacher, elder, deacon, and deaconess (sometimes called the “church widow”). The first colony was founded at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. They wanted to follow the Bible’s teachings more closely. The Pilgrims were extremely courageous. Pastor and teacher were ordained ministers. The Deacon collected offerings, and attended to the needs of the poor and elderly. And then there is the fact that the descendants of the Pilgrims, about half of whom were Puritans, fled religious persecution in England but then denied religious freedom to the Wampanoag. Asked 5/4/2019 6:51:01 PM. Who were the Pilgrim Fathers and what did they believe? The Mayflower first landed at the tip of Cape Cod, in … Marriages were considered important for two main reasons: procreation of children to increase Christ’s flock; and to avoid the sin of adultery. Arriving on the Mayflower , they survived a harsh first winter in the New World with the help of neighboring Indians, with whom they celebrated the first Thanksgiving feast in 1621. Volcker and Kissinger were young blood recruited into the Pilgrims Society to implement the Marshall Plan where the massive amounts of stolen German and Japanese gold from all over the world had been secreted away by the OSS (Office of Strategic Services, the precursor to the C.I.A.) John Carver and Samuel Fuller both were deacons during their life. The Deaconess attended the sick and poor, and often played the role of midwife for the congregation. The pilgrims were tended by people like Domingo de la Calzada, who was later recognized as a saint. They considered infant baptism to wipe away Original Sin and to be a pledge of faith, like circumcision. The Pilgrims were originally bound to Virginia. Rating. The pilgrims of Plymouth Colony were religious separatists from the Church of England. There was nothing an individual could do during their life that would cause them to be saved (or damned), since God had already decided who was going to be saved before the creation of the world. She was determined to stamp out any opposition to the Church of England, or Anglican Church. These holidays were invented by man to memorialize Jesus, and are not prescribed by the Bible or celebrated by the early Christian churches, and therefore cannot be considered Holy days. The Pilgrims were the first group of Puritans to sail to New England; 10 years later, a much larger group would join them there. The Pilgrims who landed at Plymouth in December 1620 occupied the extreme edges of the Puritan movement, an opposition strain within the Church of England. The Pilgrims considered marriage a civil affair, not to be handled by the church ministers, but instead by civil magistrates. As Separatists, they held that their differences with the Ch… The Separatists objected strongly to church hierarchy and all of the sacraments except baptism and the Lord's Supper. Often mistaken for being Puritans, they were separatists of the Church of England (Puritans considered themselves a part of the Church of England). They settled in Leiden, where there was more religious freedom. The Pilgrims, who journeyed to America in search of religious freedom, remind us that the right to practice our Catholic faith cannot simply be taken for granted. Typically, this is a physical journey to some place of special significance to the adherent of a particular religious belief system. at the Bank for International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland. The nation’s oldest continuously–operating public museum, Pilgrim Hall houses an unmatched collection of Pilgrim possessions. The Pilgrims originally planned to sail to Virginia but their ship was blown off course. By 1605 this group had come to believe that their Christian faith was incompatible with the Church of England. These were their key beliefs: Sacraments: The Pilgrims' religion included only two sacraments: infant baptism and the Lord's Supper. The Pilgrims came to America with hopes of finding greater economic opportunities and dreams of creating a model Christian society. They were a part of the Puritan movement which began in the 16th century with the goal to “purify” the Church of England of its corrupt doctrine and practices. They were the Jamestown colonists in 1607 and the Puritans to Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630, respectively. Marriage was a contract, mutually agreed upon by a man and a woman. But James was so intolerant of the Pilgrims that they fled to Holland in 1609. The Pilgrims came to America to avoid the religious rules imposed by England. There were no bishops. This answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful. Author. The Pilgrims' mother church in Leiden was led by John Robinson (1575–1625), an English separatist minister … The Mayflower didn’t land in Plymouth first. Puritans were English Protestants who wished to reform and purify the Church of England of what they considered to be unacceptable residues of Roman Catholicism. The Pilgrims primarily used the Geneva edition of the Bible, which contained a number of Puritan-tending footnotes and interpretation. Interestingly, they were persecuted not for America wasn’t always a stronghold of religious freedom. Learn Religions, Oct. 20, 2020, learnreligions.com/the-pilgrims-religion-701477. Led by Richard Clyfton, John Robinson, and William Brewster, by 1606 the group was secretly holding meetings in Scrooby Manor, where Brewster was employed as the postmaster. From Puritan Boston’s earliest days, Catholics (“Papists”) were anathema and were banned from the colonies, along with other non-Puritans. The New England colonies, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland were conceived and established "as plantations of religion." Their example can show Americans today the importance of unity, … They had rebelled against the Roman Catholic Church and the Pope and the Church of England as well. Consistent with their single-minded faith, the Pilgrims gave God the credit for their survival, not themselves. In response, King James had his own edition of the Bible translated and published in 1611 for use by the Church of England. Many of the people who settled in the New World came to escape religious persecution. Only those God elected would receive God’s grace, and would have faith. Slackers could be punished severely. Some settlers who arrived in these areas came for secular motives--"to catch fish" as one New Englander put it--but the great majority left Europe to worship God in the way they believed to be correct. The belief that the Pilgrims came to America in search of religious freedom is inspiring, but it’s just not so. John G. Turner. The Pilgrims apparently never had anyone to fill that position. What prompted the Pilgrims to travel to America in 1620 on the Mayflower was not mistreatment in Holland but lack of economic opportunities. The Mayflower pilgrims were members of a Puritan sect within the Church of England known as separatists. This and the Belgic Confession were adopted as confessional standards in the first synod of the Dutch Reformed Church in 1571. “It seems too much for any mortal man to appoint, or make an anniversary memorial” for Christ, taught the Pilgrims’ pastor John Robinson. Question. The pilgrims of Plymouth Colony were religious separatists from the Church of England. In the 1620s leaders of the English state and church grew increasingly unsympathetic to Puritan demands. What Religion Were the Pilgrims? Search for an answer or ask Weegy. The Pilgrims were not Quakers or Catholic, but they were an ultra conservative form of Protestantism. What did these hardy pioneers believe about God? Ill-feeling often ran higher among the separatists themselves than between them and their orthodox … Arriving on the Mayflower, they survived a harsh first winter in the New World with the help of neighboring Indians, with whom they celebrated the first Thanksgiving feast in 1621. Calvinism was declared the official religion of the Kingdom of Navarre by the queen regnant Jeanne d'Albret after … One such group was centered not too far from Sherwood Forest, in a small village in Nottinghamshire named Scrooby. The Pilgrims were comprised mainly those who were seeking religious freedom that they were denied in England. The Pilgrims' mother church in Leiden was led by John Robinson (1575–1625), an English separatist minister who fled England for the Netherlands in 1609. Americans can learn key lessons from the Pilgrims. Separatists felt that the Church of England was too corrupt to save and decided to separate from it. William Brewster was the Elder for the Plymouth church. By using Learn Religions, you accept our. At the time there were two types of puritans within the Church of England: separatists and non-separatists. Their congregations held Brownist beliefs—that true churches were voluntary democratic congregations, not whole Christian nations—as taught by Robert Browne, John Greenwood, and Henry Barrow. Learn Religions. Their eventual escape to Holland and their lives as immigrants … Work of any sort, even hunting for game, was forbidden on Sunday. They were not even really Puritans, they were a splinter group from the real Puritans. To understand them, it is important that we look beyond the legend. They were France's first colonists in the New World—and the true first "Pilgrims" in America. Pages. In the marriage, “the wife is specially required a reverend subjection in all lawful things to her husband,” and the husband is “to give honor to the wife,” as the Lord requires “the love of the husband to his wife must be like Christ’s to his church.”. After several failed attempts in 1607, they all managed to make it to Amsterdam in 1608, and later migrated en masse to Leiden, Holland in early 1609. Pastor John Robinson taught that the important characteristics to find in a spouse are (1) godliness, and (2) similarity–in age, beliefs, estate, disposition, inclinations, and affections. Marriage was created by God for the benefit of man’s natural and spiritual life. Church Government: The Pilgrims' church had five officers: pastor, teacher, elder, deacon, and deaconess. Learn the Meaning of the Eucharist in Christianity, Christian Reformed Church Beliefs and Practices, Religion in Ireland: History and Statistics, Introduction to the Catholic Religion: Beliefs, Practices and History, M.A., English Composition, Illinois State University, B.S., English Literature, Illinois State University. For this reason, many of the Pil… The Teacher was also an ordained minister who was responsible for the instruction of the congregation. Common thinking is: They were both groups of English religious reformers. (2020, October 20). And how did their faith make them risk their lives in America and celebrate a holiday which we still enjoy nearly 400 years later? Their beliefs go back through John Calvin, a French theologian of the 16th Century who developed a branch of Protestantism he called 'Reformed Christianity'. They were a part of the Puritan movement which began in the 16th century with the goal to “purify” the Church of England of its corrupt doctrine and practices. It was not long, however, before the authorities were onto them. Advertisement. After a harsh winter, by the spring of 1621, nearly half of them had died. The road to "Separatism" began with the Reformation. The party landed at present-day Cape Cod, Mass and created a settlement at Plymouth Harbor. The Pilgrims were English Separatists who founded Plymouth Colony in 1620. Zavada, Jack. However, God would not have chosen blatant sinners to be his elect; and therefore those who were godly were likely to be the ones God had elected to be saved. Why did their ideas lead to persecution in England? Yale University Press. The Pilgrims, Puritans who were religious separatists from the Church of England, sailed to America in 1620 on the Mayflower. They believed that membership in the Church of England violated the biblical precepts for true Christians, and they had to break away and form independent congregations that adhered more strictly to divine requirements. The Pilgrims were a group of English people who came to America seeking religious freedom during the reign of King James I. Ironically, Thanksgiving was not celebrated officially in the United States until 1863, when in the middle of the country's bloody Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln made Thanksgiving a national holiday. How the Pilgrims' Religion Inspired Thanksgiving. They both landed in … Thus, pilgrimage is considered a way in which man tries to connect to the Ultimate Reality and live in full harmony with himself and his environment. In a letter about the celebration, Pilgrim Edward Winslow said, "And although it be not always so plentiful as it was at this time with us, yet by the goodness of God, we are so far from want that we often wish you partakers of our plenty.". But the Wampanoag Indians befriended them and taught them how to fish and grow crops. What religious beliefs did the Pilgrims have, that made them so intolerable to the English authorities? The group made the decision to flee England to Holland, where they had heard they could practice their religion without the threat of jail, punishments, and fines. The following is a list of some of the religious issues of the day, and the Pilgrims’ beliefs regarding them. ", Learn Religions uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The Elder was a lay-person responsible for church government, and he was also the church’s eyes and ears, assisting the Pastor and Teacher in admonishing the congregation. THE PILGRIMS WERE DEFINITELY NOT LIKE MODERN-DAY REFUGEES. |Score 1|emdjay23|Points 165581| Log in for more information. The Pilgrims believed that before the foundation of the world, God predestined to make the world, man, and all things. They spurned crosses, statues, stained glass windows, elaborate church architecture, icons and relics as signs of idolatry. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Persecution of the Pilgrims, or Puritan Separatists as they were called then, began in England under the reign of Elizabeth I (1558-1603). John Robinson was the pastor of the Pilgrims, but was never able to get to America before his death in 1625. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. To the Pilgrims, there were only two sacraments: baptism and the Lord’s Supper. They thought the sacraments practiced by the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches (confession, penance, confirmation, ordination, marriage, and last rites) had no foundation in Scripture and were, therefore, the inventions of theologians. These separatists were a sect of Puritans within the movement who felt that the Church of England was too … They called themselves 'Precisionists'. Even when the Pilgrims were exploring Cape Cod, to the Mayflower crew’s dismay, they stopped everything and stayed in camp on Sunday to keep the Sabbaths. The Pilgrims didn’t agree with the teachings of the Catholic Church or the Church of England. Against great odds, they made the famous 1620 voyage aboard the ship Mayflower and founded Plymouth Colony, but they were also ordinary English men and women. Jul 29, 2019. So one day, in 1620, they decided to emigrate to the New World to be free." After Elizabeth's death, James I followed her on the throne. Zavada, Jack. "How the Pilgrims' Religion Inspired Thanksgiving." They were persecuted and they had to hide to practice their religion in secret. Myth: The Pilgrims were the first Europeans to land in Southern New England and to interact with … Contact | Join | Shop: Home > About the Pilgrims > Religion: Search PHM Site : Religion. MayflowerHistory.com, Copyright © 1994-2003. Learn more about Puritanism, its history, and beliefs. The Pilgrims, fleeing religious persecution, broke away from the Church of England because they felt the Church violated biblical principles of true Christians. Demographics. To understand them, it is important that we look beyond the legend. It was the rejection of the authority of the church hierarchy, and of the sacraments, that was the primary cause of conflict between the Pilgrims and the Church of England. The group of English colonists who settled in North America and later became known as the Pilgrim Fathers originated as a group of Puritans from Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire. ) Brainstorm, description de l'image, répétitions. The fact that these first settlers were Huguenots dispatched to establish a colony in America in 1564, and motivated by the same sort of religious persecution that later drove the Pilgrims … What Religion Were the Pilgrims? They were English Protestants influenced by John Calvin and wanted to "purify" the Anglican Church of its Roman Catholic influences. Details of the Pilgrims' religion are something we rarely hear about during stories of the first Thanksgiving. Rebecca Beatrice Brooks September 28, 2016 March 13, 2020 Comments Off on Religion in Plymouth Colony. 464. The legitimacy of the Pope, the Saints, and the church hierarchy were rejected, as was the veneration of relics. "How the Pilgrims' Religion Inspired Thanksgiving." The Plymouth colonists settled on the coast to the south in 1620, 10 years before Puritans founded Boston in 1630. The Bible: The Pilgrims read the Geneva Bible, published in England in 1575. The Mayflower pilgrims were members of a Puritan sect within the Church of England known as separatists. The Pilgrims strongly believed that the Church of England, and the Catholic Church, had strayed beyond Christ's teachings, and established religious rituals, and church hierarchies, that went against the teachings of the Bible. The membership was composed, at least initially, of men and women who had undergone a conversion … Although the Pilgrims believed every person's fate had already been decided, they thought only the saved would engage in godly behavior. What Religion Were The Pilgrims. 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