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api oil classification

When purchasing oil, the oil has a quality level (API Service). API stands for the American Petroleum Institute, which is the major United States trade association for the oil and natural gas industry. Here's all you need to know about the API (American Petroleum Institute) engine oil classification and why is it adopted as one of the most common standards across the globe. For example the Iraqi Basrah Heavy oil has an of API Gravity of 23 (which place it as medium) yet it is being traded as heavy oil. Crude oil's viscosity can vary from a low-viscosity liquid to up to tar-like, nearly solid form. Presentations. Stage Design - A Discussion between Industry Professionals. Medium oil is defined as having an API gravity between 22.3 °API and 31.1 °API Heavy oil is defined as having an API gravity below 22.3 °API. API’s oil classification system In this brochure the API Service Categories are summarised in easy to use charts. Choosing the right classification is extremely important since they both have different properties and wrongful use could lead to … This breakdown is based on the refining method and the base oil’s properties in terms of, among other things, viscosity and the proportion of saturates and sulfur content. It can be diluted with lighter hydrocarbons to produce diluted bitumen , which has an API gravity of less than 22.3°, or further "upgraded" to an API gravity of 31 to 33° as synthetic crude . In 2010 the American Petroleum Institute introduced a new engine oil category under the name API SN and a new supplemental category called Resource Conserving.. Which oil is right for you? Do not use unless an API SJ, SL or SM rating is specifically called for by your motorcycle manufacturer! API Service Level Category . Therefore, the API maintains such diverse categories as API standard on precision thread gauges, compression-ignited engines (diesel) and oil. It specifies the viscosity grade required for your car's engine. Oils may have more than one performance level. Designed for various high-performance engines, typically between 200 and 500 cc, such as those on motorcycles and snowmobiles, and chain saws with high fuel-oil ratios - but not outboards. I have a 1993 Ford van with a 4.9-liter 6-cylinder engine. API stands for American Petroleum Institute. The designation API GL-1 denotes lubricants intended for manual transmissions operating under such mild conditions that straight petroleum or refined petroleum oil may be used satisfactorily. So if you buy an engine oil meeting only API SA, it's an engine oil formulated for use in vehicles built in the 1920s. Vehicle owners should refer to their owner's manuals before consulting these charts. The American Petroleum Institute (API) has categorized base oils into five categories (API 1509, Appendix E). The API cautions that any oil with a classification of SE should not be used in engines built after 1979. Almost every lubricant used in plants today started off as just a base oil. Gasoline engines: The service level category contains two letters. The newest oils are the SN, brought out in 2011, and the SN Plus released in 2018. API Engine Oil Classifications brochure pdf 6.54 MB. Old motor oil and even some newer blends (when used in older engines) can cause harm to your engine. Crude oil with API gravity less than 10° is referred to as extra heavy oil or bitumen. Both a crude oil's viscosity and its API (American Petroleum Institute) degree are important parameters for classification. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil is a good example of sweet crude oil, while oil from Canada and the U.S. Gulf Coast tends to be sour. Breakdown of new and old classifications is included Includes bibliographical references (page 2) Caption title "Filing code: 1525 (P-401)." This is because it indicates the vehicle model year the oil was formulated to service. Furthermore, it's also not hard to find SF, SJ and other API Service Categories on the shelves. API (American Petroleum Institute) specifications are often seen on oil containers and they show the minimum standard of oil that can be used in an engine. This defines whether an oil is suitable for gasoline or diesel engines. The first of these was classified as SA, with further releases going up through the alphabet. Informs automobile operators that API changed its classification system for motor oils. There are many different categories/types, such as SG/CD, SF, SM, SA, SB, SC, SE, to list a few. When it comes to an oil change, ensuring you choose the right API classification is essential. Oxidation and rust inhibitors, defoamers, and pour depressants may be … While SAE grades use numbers and W to classify oil viscosity (for example 20W-40, 10W-30), the API specification tells if the oil meets the required quality and performance standards defined by the OEM. Two-cycle engine oils designed for API Classification TC address ring … In 1970, along with the SAE and ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials), they established the API Service Classification System to define the performance level of a given oil, unrelated in the main, to oil viscosity.The API requirements S for Spark Ignition (petrol) and C for Compression Ignition (diesel) can be briefly described as follows. (2) Not required for Non-ILSAC viscosity grades. In 1993, the American Petroleum Institute (API), categorized base oils into five main groups. Since 1924, the American Petroleum Institute has been a cornerstone in establishing and maintaining standards for the worldwide oil and natural gas industry. (4) No maximum for API SP or SN Non-ILSAC viscosity grades. The classification is based on the results of the JASO T 904:2006 clutch system firction test. When you are choosing a transmission or gear oil you might be wondering what GL-4 and GL-5 mean and what the differences are between these two classifications. Oils may have more than one performance level. Since 1930 there have been 12 different classifications of motor oil. The API represents about 400 corporations in the petroleum industry and helps to set standards for production, refinement, and distribution of petroleum products. Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) Remil ilmi. The API SN category is an improvement over the API SM category in the following areas: These can be purchased through their sponsoring organizations. 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