An exceptionally tall portion of a building. Dormer windows are sometimes crowned with pediments, and they often light attic sleeping rooms; “dormer” derives from “dormir,” French for “to sleep.”. An architectural term applied to a colonnade, in which the intercolumniation is alternately wide and narrow. An outdoor extension of a building, situated above the ground level, and open to the sky. Bricks formed out of mud or clay, and baked in a kiln or under the sun. A large gilt statue of Athena once stood inside the temple. A narrow window, sometimes hinged at the top, positioned over a doorway or larger window. Wooden architectural ornament popular with American folk houses in the late-19th and early 20th centuries, particularly in the Stick Style. The Mansard roof was named after the French 17th-century architect Francois Mansart (1598-1666), who popularized the form. The use of adobe bricks dates back to prehistoric times, and continues today. A timber framework of Medieval European derivative whose timbers are in-filled with masonry or plaster. Elizabethan architecture resulted from the English debut of French and Italian Renaissance architecture, whose classical order and symmetry transformed the asymmetrical and rambling medieval English castle. Owner right to appro… A small dome, or hexagonal or octagonal tower, located at the top of a building. In ancient Rome, the Doric order was often replaced with the “Tuscan” order indigenous to the Italian peninsula; it consisted of an unfluted shaft, a simply molded capital, and a base. Naval architecture Currently, popular design has a lot of modern design characteristics. Mid century modern is a term that is used to describe furniture and architecture that was modern in the 1950's. –Maria Lesko and Channing Glover, C&M Interiors, –David Deatherage, David Deatherage Design, –Retta le Ritz, Retta le Ritz interior design studio, –Heather Helms, president of the Missouri East Chapter of the American Society of Interior Design. A window with two sashes that move independently of each other. 314-918-3000. Statues of men and women dressed in ancient Grecian or Roman attire. Its stonework was originally brightly colored, but its paint has long since worn away. An upper story of a building that projects out over the story beneath it, common in Colonial American architecture. An arched window immediately flanked by two smaller, non-arched windows, popularized by Andrea Palladio in northern Italy in the 16th century, and frequently deployed by American architects working in the American Georgian and American Palladian styles in the 17th and 18th centuries. Ambient: A space that utilizes inherent, environmental conditions. A pavilion may also stand alone, separate from a larger building, or may be connected to a main building by a terrace or path. See bay window and bay. Services Offered by an Interior Architect As we know, the terms interior architecture and interior design are many times grouped under and referred to as interior design, but an interior architect takes on a more complex task than an interior designer. 3. A window that is fully arched at its top. Creativity and manufacturing were drifting apart, and the Bauhaus aimed to unite them once again.” –theartstory.org, CONTEMPORARY: “With neutral colors, furniture in basic materials such as wood and stainless steel and a minimal amount of ornaments, the aim is for a clean and uncluttered feel. 2. Stained glass windows are fitted with pieces of colored glass, which often depict a picture or scene. Two adjacent doors that share the same door frame, and between which there is no separating vertical member. A wooden grid of boards overlaid atop an exterior surface. A perpendicular window located in a sloping roof; triangular walls join the window to the roof. It is sloped with concave curves at the top, and with convex curves at the bottom. 5. Often, a bay will protrude from the surface of the wall in which it is situated, thus creating a small, nook-like interior space, often of a rectangular or semi-hexagonal outline. The architect's deadlines for producing documents. See stick-work. A curved bay window. A series of arches supported by columns or other vertical elements. A band of richly sculpted ornamentation on a building. The oldest (dating to the 6th-century B.C.E.) The aim is to be timeless by blending the old with the new. In ancient Rome, the Ionic order was much more prominently utilized than the Doric order. Examples of case-goods are chests, tables, dressers, bookshelves and cabinets. See eclecticism. Help support our programs in advocacy, funding and outreach. Architrave: 1. Slate has been used to roof buildings in the United States since the colonial era. The movable frames in a window in which window panes are set. The designers from the Modern era inspire us to explore the unknown. Here we’ve compiled a glossary—with quotes from designers whose body of work is informed by a particular style—to help you express your design wishes. Pairs of solid or slatted window coverings, traditionally hinged to the exterior of a building to either side of a window, used to block light or wind from the interior of a building. A colonial kitchen is usually large, with a wide, open hearth, and contains no modern conveniences (or else contains modern conveniences contrived to look pre-modern). In reaction to growing urbanization, mechanization and demographic changes, many Americans pined for simpler times and romanticized the past. Picturesque settings were favored for their emotional associations. In ancient Greece, the Doric order was the masculine, and the most preferred, order. Rafters that are exposed to the outside of a building. ... An agency of the U.S. Department of the Interior charged with the planning and administration of all parks and monuments in the federal park system. Similar to a terrace, a patio is an outdoor extension of a building, situated above the ground level, and open to the sky. A repeated pattern, image, idea, or theme. Eclecticism in architecture was very popular in both Victorian England and in the United States during the second half of the 19th century. Long slats of wood that are nailed to an exterior surface in a horizontal fashion, overlapping one another from top to bottom. Two of the sides are trapezoidal in shape, while the remaining two sides are triangular, and thus meet the ridge at its end-points. An arch that is pointed at its apex, rather than rounded; common in Gothic and Gothic Revival architecture. Interior Designer, Architect or Interior Architect? Search this website. A small tower that pierces a roofline. List of church architecture terms.The terms used in church architecture were developed first for the Gothic architecture cathedrals of the mediaeval era. The Parthenon temple was built in honor of the Greek goddess Athena; it was ringed with 46 columns, and crowned by two pediments containing a wealth of sculptural detail. A traditional ethos encompasses folk lore, music, art, dress, and building methods, among other things. Hi there! For most students of architecture, the first few years of learning involve a demanding crash course in architectural jargon. A ridged roof with two slopes at each side, the lower slopes being steeper than the upper slopes. A variation of the Ionic order, and the youngest (dating from the 4th century B.C.E.) Casement windows often occur in pairs. An Ionic column is tall and slender, with a fluted shaft of 24 flutes, a capital with prominent volute scrolls, and an elegantly molded base. It could be dishes passed down from generations, plates on the wall that feel modern, or an antique buffet that’s been passed down, plus a modern, sleek dining room table and chairs. A crowning projection at a roof line, often with molding or other classical detail. In order to qualify for an entry-level position with an architecture or design firm, interior architects need a 4-year degree. A sequence of alternating raised and lowered wall sections at the top of a high exterior wall or parapet. Colloquially, a patio is a more informal space than a terrace. Below is a list of 18 common terms to help bridge the gap between art lover and art professional. There’s a cleanness and brightness with deep roots in the rustic. Now with the addition of the term ‘Interior Architect’ coming into the conversation, being able to establish the correct terminology, to define the role and responsibilities, and to … As a bake oven’s walls are made of solid, insulating materials, it can maintain an even temperature for many hours. A gable roof whose rear slope is longer than its front slope. Arch The projecting edge of a roof that overhangs an exterior wall to protect it from the rain. Monochromatic Monochromatic mean one color. This pairing is common and is most effective when several pairs of columns are used in series to form a colonnade. Architecture created from mostly local materials, by and for the use of local people. For a considerable amount of time, the debate as to the difference between the terms ‘Interior Designer’ and ‘Architect’ has continued to gather momentum. Ottoman A window frame that is hinged on one vertical side, and which swings open to either the inside or the outside of the building. The bell roof has origins in Normandy, toured extensively by Stanford White, who incorporated bell roofs into many of his Shingle Style houses and buildings. Boilerplate: The standard terms and conditions on a purchase order or other document. Click the menu tabs to see additional helpful subject terms for your OneSearch and database searches. A curved or pointed structural element that is supported at its sides. © 2020 - The Trust for Architectural Easements, Selling or Buying an Easement-Encumbered Property, Energy-efficient properties of historic buildings. Vernacular architecture typically exhibits the traditional ethos of its builders. Also known as a battlement. The designation expands the district by approximately 300 buildings. We gravitate toward certain color palettes, lines and shapes, and architectural details, but communicating that vision to a designer often leaves us flummoxed, searching for just the right words. A window lighting an attic story, and often located in a cornice. Chic: Design term use for “trust me, you’ll like it.” A wide, wrap-around covered porch lined with columns on one side, and common to French Colonial architecture of Louisiana. An entrance porch with columns or pilasters and a roof, and often crowned by a triangular pediment. The two words “color” and “hue” are often used interchangeably; however, technically there is a difference. Pillars can be round or square in section, and are most often made of brick, stone, cement, or other masonry, although substantial wooden timbers can be formed into pillars. Sliding doors are popular in such a plan, as are central living rooms. See bay window. See gingerbreading. A projection from a vertical surface that provides structural and/or visual support for overhanging elements such as cornices, balconies, and eaves. Ever the imitators, but rarely the inventors, the ancient Romans grafted the volute scrolls of the Ionic order onto the capitals of the Corinthian order to result in the Composite Order. Finial: It’s the decorative ornament found on top of a building’s roof, spire, gable or canopy.It’s a common addition in Gothic architecture, where the fleur-de-lys is often used as the … ... forming an interior or exterior portico through which one enters a monumental building, hence a monumental entranceway. If any definitions still seem hard to envision, check out the examples for each. Due to the impermanent nature of this construction, very few Poteau- en-terre buildings remain. On April 12, 2016 The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission voted to expand the Park Slope Historic District in Brooklyn, New York, for the second time since it was established in 1973. Get information on Certified Residential Interior Designer programs by entering your zip code and request enrollment information. A wooden grid of boards overlaid atop an exterior surface. Figure 4-2 is a facade of building in Yemen , it represent s the character of Yemen i … 3. Bohemian: A decorative style featuring mis-matched furniture and assorted patterns. Scenes of the Orient abound on textiles, wallpapers, pottery, porcelain, and lacquered and painted furniture.” –poshsurfside.com, “I’ve worked on a few [William] Bernoudy houses. A platform that projects from the wall of a building, and which is enclosed on its outer three sides by a balustrade, railing, or parapet. Double doors are often referred to as “French doors”, due to their preponderance in French architecture. A belvedere is a square-shaped cupola. Contrast: Creating contrast in a room's décor is achieved by using opposite textures (such as glass and wood), light and dark colors, solids an… Vernacular architecture responds to local methods of building construction, local climates, and local living needs and traditions. See bay window. An arch whose arc is shorter than that of a full semi-circle. There are 500 architecture-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being architect, structure, design, architectural and building.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. Examples include: 1. Advancing colors:This phrase is used to describe the optical illusion, often created by dark colors, of making a surface appear closer or larger than it actually is. A roof with a bell-shaped profile. The Corinthian column was the showiest of the three basic columns, with a tall acanthus leaf capital, a molded base, and a slender, fluted shaft. See lattice-work. In classical architecture, series of urns and continuous or repeated swags of garlands are common decorative motifs. A decorative strip of wood running just below the eaves of a building. Gingerbreading often took the form of scalloped or zig-zag-edged clapboards, which were often painted in contrasting colors. A plaster used as a coating for walls and ceilings, and often used for decoration; it is common to many parts of the world, particularly to the Mediterranean region and to the regions of the United States once colonized by Spain (i.e., Florida and California). Below is a massive list of architecture words - that is, words related to architecture. SEPTIC TANK- A covered tank in which waste matter is decomposed by natural bacterial … Bright colors are sometimes used to contrast against the neutral feel.” –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, “Modern design speaks to us because of the innovative and classic designs that were brought forth by some of the most appreciated and well-known designers in history. This is a technique common to American folk architecture. A structural element that provides support over an opening in a masonry wall (i.e., made of brick or stone). The Interior Design Career Center. A section of a building distinguished by vertical elements such as columns or pillars. A floor plan in which there are no (or few) hallways, and rooms open directly onto one another, often through wide doorways. Twenty years from now, contemporary design will have a whole new look.” –Maria Lesko and Channing Glover, C&M Interiors, CHINOISERIE: “A French word that means ‘in the Chinese taste.’ It describes a European style of decorative ornament that was wildly popular in the 17th and 18th centuries, and still looks great today. ART DECO: “A decorative style of the 1920s and 1930s using elements intended to suggest modern technological developments.” (A History of Interior Design, by John Pile and Judith Gura) Art Deco “stood for modernity as well as elegance and glamour. Niche (pronounced neesh) A niche is a recess in a wall often used to display accessories or artwork. Contemporary design is often misrepresented as modern design. Two adjacent doors that share the same door frame, and between which there is no separating vertical member. The NPS is often referred to as the largest single employer of landscape architects in the United States. Small, rectangular-shaped slats of wood that are nailed to an exterior surface, overlapping one another from top to bottom. 1. A rigid framework, as of wooden beams or metal bars, which supports a structure, such as a roof. Shingling is a traditional weather-proofing method for building. A hood molding is also referred to as a “drip molding.”. A timber dwelling, cottage, or lodge with a gable roof and wide eaves, indigenous to the Swiss Alps, but now found worldwide. A requirement for the architect to notify the owner in writing of any deviations, deficiencies, or defects in the project. A. The reign of Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, which commenced upon the coronation of Queen Victoria on June 20, 1837 and concluded upon her death on January 22, 1901 (Victoria was also crowned the Empress of India on May 1, 1876). A vertical supporting element, similar to a small column. Apr 27, 2019 - Explore Susan Currie Design's board "Interior Design Descriptive Words", followed by 939 people on Pinterest. By Monique Valeris and Kelsey Kloss. A small, square cupola that functions as a lookout tower, located at the top of a building. COLOR & HUE. A traditional community of Native Americans living in the southwestern United States. A railing consisting of a row of balusters supporting a rail. Bernoudy, being a student of Frank Lloyd Wright, like Wright, often incorporated Asian-influenced design elements. Antique: Decorative elements that are 100 years older. A small but prominent portion of a building that juts out from a main building, either above its roof line, or to the side, and which is identified by a unique (usually diminutive) height and individual roof type. It can lend individual personality—one pop of quirkiness among muted tones and textures. The Top Interior Design Terms You Need to Know. An open, roofed porch, usually enclosed on the outside by a railing or balustrade, and often wrapping around two or more (or all of the) sides of a building. In the late 19th- and early 20th-centuries, a kitchen inspired by the kitchens of Colonial America. Quizlet flashcards, activities and … Belvederes are characteristic of Italianate houses. The rear slope often very nearly meets the ground. At times, gingerbreading could be superfluous and almost gaudy, with excessive frills and curlicues. A finely-grained, foliated rock, native to Pennsylvania, Vermont, and New York, and found in many colors. Ventilation panels, often highly decorative. I love the feeling of wood and something green and earthy. View the glossary via HTML or download a PDF. Accouplement The placing of two columns or pilasters very close together. Free revision of the Construction Documents if the project goes over budget by a certain percentage, usually 15-20 percent. The architecture, interior decoration and regal colors (“Pompeian red,” in particular) of these ancient cities influenced the Federal Style of the early 19th century. Architecture is the planning, design and construction of buildings and other large structures. Architecture constructed in England during the reigns of James I, Charles I, Charles II, and James II (1603-1688); Jacobean architecture followed Elizabethan architecture, and preceded the English Renaissance architecture of Inigo Jones. 5. Inspired by Richard Serra's Verb List, … A house associated with fairy tales of Germanic origin. A garden structure built up over a path or narrow terrace, lined with evenly spaced columns or posts that support a wooden-framed roof without sheathing. A structural support, similar to a column, but larger and more massive, and often without ornamentation. of the three basic orders of classical Greek architecture (the others being the Doric and the Corinthian orders). 4. Architecture constructed in England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603); Elizabethan architecture followed Tudor architecture, and preceded Jacobean architecture. Fan lights are usually found over entrance doors and windows, particularly in Federal and Greek Revival homes. They had fun.” –April Jensen, ADJ Interiors, ARTS & CRAFTS: "An aesthetic movement of the latter half of the 19th century in England led by the teaching of William Morris.” (A History of Interior Design, by John Pile and Judith Gura) “As a movement to oppose industrialism, people turned to traditional crafts to produce items of furniture and decoration.” –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, BAUHAUS: “The motivations behind the creation of the Bauhaus lay in the 19th century, in anxieties about the soullessness of manufacturing and its products, and in fears about art’s loss of purpose in society. A four-sided hipped roof featuring two slopes on each side, the lower slopes being very steep, almost vertical, and the upper slopes sometimes being so horizontal that they are not visible from the ground. See bay. IA is a global firm of interior designers, strategists, specialists and architects committed to creativity, innovation, and growth. A mode of wall construction in French Colonial America in which tall posts are rammed into the ground, and the spaces between them are filled with mud plaster, also known as bousillage. As local environments evolve over time, so too does vernacular architecture. A design that incorporates a pointed shape similar to an accent mark, common to Art Deco architecture. Rafters that extend beyond the eaves of a roof. Shapes demarcated upon masonry by scored lines. Materials such as plastic, steel and laminate were heavily used. Tile roofs are common in many parts of the world, including the Mediterranean and the Southwestern United States. In ancient Greece, the Ionic order was the feminine order, and the most appropriate for temples constructed in homage to goddesses. 2. We know what we like and what we don’t like. A roof with two slopes – front and rear– joining at a single ridge line parallel to the entrance façade. Generally referred to as the spatial art of environmental design, form and practice, interior architecture is the process through which the interiors of buildings are designed, concerned with all aspects of the human uses of structural spaces. Terms to include are: 1. Pylon a monumental gateway to an ancient Egyptian temple, formed by a pair of truncated pyramidal towers. A tiered tower with multiple roof layers, constructed about a central axis pole. Jack arches are not actually arch-shaped, but are, instead, flat, and made of individual wedge-shaped bricks or stones held in place through compression. An Interior Design Glossary with many words and definitions related to Interior Design. Columns may be plain or ornamental. A smooth surface, usually rectangular (or sometimes circular) in shape and framed by a molding, and often featuring decorative, sculptural carving. A projecting window of an upper floor, supported from below by a bracket. It’s using heirloom pieces in a way that feels unfussy, mixing them into the décor in a way that tells a story. A roof covered with tiles that are usually hollow and half-cylindrical in shape, and made out of clay. An exterior wall, or face, of a building. Rafters are the inclined, sloping framing members of a roof, to which the roof covering is affixed. 4. The story of Hansel and Gretel is a fairy tale in which two children lost in a forest come upon a gingerbread house trimmed with candy, but which is presided over by a child-eating witch. See Traditional Ethos. A slender, pointed construction atop a building, often a church. Flooring would blend from one room to another, as would the walls, which were usually left bare or painted white.” –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, SCANDINAVIAN: “Simplicity and function are the guiding principles that have shaped the design sensibilities of Nordic Europe, resulting in spaces suffused with light, airiness, and a feeling of oneness with nature. A supporting pillar consisting of a base, a cylindrical shaft, and a capital on top of the shaft. A decorative triangular piece situated over a portico, door, window, fireplace, etc. See patio. Sponsored Ad. The Corinthian order was utilized in ancient Greece almost exclusively for temple interiors, but became very prominent in ancient Rome, due to the ancient Romans’ taste for excessive ornamentation, particularly in architecture. Colored glass. An “S”-curve is itself made up of two curves: a concave curve in its lower half, and a convex curve in its upper half. Brickwork made up of rows of bricks of alternating colors, typically red and white. Architecture modeled after the buildings of ancient Greece and Rome. ‘High-low’ is very important in terms of price point; that’s inherently Southern.” –Retta le Ritz, Retta le Ritz interior design studio, TRANSITIONAL: “This style is seen as classic with a modern take. Architectural ideas usually do not originate in words. landscape architecture terms. shared throughout a common people. See more ideas about descriptive words, words, interior design. You might start with a painting and then choreograph the pieces into a dance.” –David Kent Richardson, DKR Interiors, MIDCENTURY MODERN: “The aim was to bring the outdoors in and therefore big windows and open-planned rooms were utilized. Information on Certified Residential interior Designer programs by entering your zip code and request enrollment.... And made out of clay the apex the NPS is often referred to as “ doors! Of brick or stone ) double doors. ” close together beneath it, common in Colonial American architecture to!.. Aisles round the edges York, and the most preferred, order are chests, tables dressers... Christian Harder ; interior design architecture terms study guide by megankelley16 includes questions. Pillar consisting of a pergola, and is often decorated 1893 in Chicago was exceedingly popular amongst Colonial buildings! Window, fireplace, often a method of driving change the early 20th century one another top... And earthy Gothic Revival architecture concepts and their identity a bake oven ’ s a of. Much more prominently utilized than the upper slopes bernoudy, being a student of Frank Lloyd,! By approximately 300 buildings projects out over the story beneath it, common in many.... Few Poteau- en-terre buildings remain vertical supporting element, similar to a small, rectangular-shaped slats of wood are... 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